India has one of the highest adult illiteracy in the world. It is widely acknowledged that low literacy has a negative effect on farming practices, family planning, health and sanitation, and other socio-economic indicators. The Adult Literacy programme aims at making 25 per cent of Indian illiterates into functionally literate citizens.
The bulk of Indian illiterates live in the country's rural areas, where social and economic barriers play an important role in keeping the lowest strata of society illiterate. The Government of India launched the National Literacy Mission (NLM) in 1988, aimed at attaining a literacy rate of 75 per cent by 2007. It imparts functional literacy to non-literates in the age group of 15 – 35 years. The Total Literacy Campaign is the principal strategy of the NLM for eradication of illiteracy. The Continuing Education Scheme provides a learning continuum to the efforts of the Total Literacy and Post literacy programmes.
- National Literacy Mission, Ministry of Human Resource Development
- State Literacy Resource Centers